The magical ancient city at the foot of Vesuvius 
The city, sits in a bay, encompasses 2,500 years of history and extraordinary places, surrounded by one of the most enchanting areas of the Mediterranean.
Piazza del Plebiscito, a pedestrian area in front of the Palazzo Reale, is a symbol of the redevelopment of Naples. Inside the Palazzo a monumental staircase of particular beauty leads to the main floor, where you can visit the Throne Room, the Court Theatre and other magnificent halls of the Court.
Piazza del Plebiscito in Naples.
Piazza del Plebiscito, Naples. Photo: Copyright © / Shutterstock
Santa Lucia is the name of a section of the promenade of Naples that runs in front of Castel dell'Ovo (Egg Castle) where the most exclusive and famous hotels of the city are located. Castel dell'Ovo sits on the tiny Island of Megaride, which separates the two bays along Naples’ seafront: the port area and Riviera di Chiaia (Mergellina). This islet was the home of the first settlers – Greeks who founded the first inhabited centres of ancient Partenope. Using a ramp dating back to the Norman era, the interior and highest part of the castle, which features a terrace with striking panoramic views, can be accessed.
Castello Maschio Angioino or Castel Nuovo, Naples.
Castello Maschio Angioino or Castel Nuovo, Naples. Photo: Copyright © / George Stoyanov / Shutterstock
The city centre is found in the short section between the port, Piazza Plebiscito and Via Toledo. Its most representative monument, Maschio Angioino Castle, was built at the end of the thirteenth century. Behind the Maschio Angioino you will find the Gardens of the Palazzo Reale (Royal Palace) and Teatro San Carlo, the oldest theatre in Europe and also one of the most important opera houses in Italy.
Galleria Umberto I in Naples
One of the four entrances to the Neo-Renaissance Galleria Umberto I, inaugurated in 1892, lies in front of Teatro San Carlo. This arcade has a cross-shaped plan of stone buildings covered by a roof of glass and iron. The Galleria connects the San Carlo and Palazzo Reale with Via Toledo, which was the city’s main street for many years.
Galleria Umberto I, Naples..
Galleria Umberto I, Naples. Photo: Copyright © / George Stoyanov / Shutterstock
The hill of Vomero dominates the city of NaplesSant'Elmo Castle and the Certosa di San Martino (San Martino Monastery) sit atop the hill and offer magnificent views of the city and the entire bay of Naples. The castle is an important venue for cultural events and exhibitions. The monastery houses the Museo Nazionale (National Museum), which has important collections of paintings, sculptures, manuscripts, maps, handmade crafts and arts, model ships, glassware, porcelain and an interesting section dedicated to the art of nativity scenes.
Reggia di Capodimonte
The Capodimonte Park, on the hill of the same name, is the largest park in Naples. Within the park lies the Reggia di Capodimonte, a castle housing one of the most important art galleries in Italy, with its exquisite Galleria dell’Ottocento (Nineteenth-century Gallery) and a collection of porcelain and pottery from the Real Fabbrica di Capodimonte (Royal Factory of Capodimonte).
Reggia di Capodimonte, Naples.
Reggia di Capodimonte, Naples. Photo: Copyright © / / Shutterstock
Posillipo is a headland of uncommon beauty that encloses the city of Naples to the west and extends towards the sea, separating the bay of Naples from the bay of Pozzuoli. Its yellow tuff sides rise steeply from the sea but slope gently towards the city centre, offering a fascinating and multi-faceted combination of panoramic views along the coast.
Posillipo Photo: Copyright © / Shutterstock
Marechiaro is a small and enchanting fisherman’s village facing the centre of the Gulf of Naples and Mount Vesuvius.
Nisida is a small volcanic island located in front of the Coroglio area of Posillipo’s slopes, which faces the Campi Flegrei (Phlaegrean Fields), and to which it is connected by a isthmus of approximately 300 metres. Behind Posillipo hill lies the coastline of Bagnoli, the far western edge of the city of Naples, where today the Science and Technology Part can be found.
Natuvity scene of Napoli
Via San Gregorio Armeno is the well known street of presepe (nativity scene) craftsmen, which is famous throughout the world for its numerous shops dedicated to the art of nativity scenes. The street and shops can be visited all year round, offering visitors the opportunity to become immersed in the magical atmosphere of Christmas. Here you can find everything you need to make a presepe (nativity scene): from hand painted terracotta shepherds to 30 cm high figures wearing tailor-made outfits, and of course the Holy Family with their oxen and donkey, and the three Wise Men. Next to real works of art, there are kitsch objects, or statuettes of politicians and VIPs of the moment.
Via San Gregorio Armeno, Naples..
Via San Gregorio Armeno, Naples. Photo: Copyright © / Lazyllama / Shutterstock
Festival of St. Gennaro in Naples

September 19 is the day on which the martyrdom of San Gennaro is remembered in Naples. The festival, which recalls the miracle of blood liquefaction, is a popular ceremony of great visual and emotional impact. The entire population meets in the streets and alleys and then reach the Duomo where the event takes place with the liquefaction of the Saint's blood. Neapolitan women pray with great theatricality while they wait for the blood, kept in two glassy balsamari, to perform the miracle of liquefaction.

Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta, Naples..
Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta, Naples. Photo: Copyright © / Mitzo / Shutterstock
A visit to Underground Naples is a fascinating experience which offers an insight into the millenary history of the city. This vast and exiting web of cavernscisternstunnels and wells extends over 40 metres below the city’s streets.  
Text by Eugenio Sorrentino
Update texts by Alisè Vitri
Avion Tourism Magazine
Photos:, Shutterstock

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Where to sleep in Naples
Naples. Photo: Copyright © / Shutterstock
Naples is a welcoming city and offers different possibilities for accommodation.
To find the ideal hotel and the best offers you can do a search for the stars but also for districts or landmarks.


WHERE TO GO in naples
Monuments in Naples
Naples. Royal Palace.
Photo: Copyright © / Shutterstock

The Royal Palace of Naples is the major Neapolitan museum of the Renaissance, of the Baroque and Rococo. In 1601 the Count of Lemos decided to built a modern residence, open porches and balconies, spacious and well decorated, according to the classical style. Entrusted the works to Domenico Fontana that concluded it in 1644. In the middle of the nineteenth century, Gaetano Genovese realized the spectacular façade and the hanging garden. The Palace squarePiazza del Plebiscito, as in the past, is still one of the centres of state power in Naples with the headquarters of the Military Command and the Prefecture.

Naples. Pio Monte della Misericordia.
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Historical seat, built by Architect Francesco Antonio Picchiati, with a Baroque church where radiates the great painting “The works of Mercy” by Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi).
Also work of art by Battistello CaraccioloFabrizio SantafedeLuca GiordanoGiovan Vincenzo D’Onofrio (know as the Forlì) and Giovan Bernardo Azzolino. 

Made in Angevin period, the religious building of the Basilica underwent numerous interventions, especially  after earthquakes and fires, that have changed the original appeance. At the end of the eighteenth century, particularly interesting was the intervention of Luigi Vanvitelli and his son Carlo, detectable in the façade and columns. Inside, interesting to see the 44 Corinthian columns that join the nave and side chapels and the numerous works of art. 

It is the lyric theater of Naples among the most famous and prestigious in the world. Founded in 1737, it can accommodate 1386 spectators and has a large audience to which are added five orders of boxes arranged in a horseshoe and a large royal box, a gallery and a stage.
Overlooking Via San Carlo, the theater blends with the architectural works of the period, such as the great Bourbon royal palaces in Naples and its surroundings.
Museums in Naples
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The National Archaeological Museum is the most important archaeological museum in Europe thanks to a rich collection of coins, an Egyptian section and a series of rooms which house pieces of exceptional importance. Among these, do not miss the big mosaic which represents “The battle of Alexander at Isso”, the “Toro Farnese”, the group of the Tyrannicides, the Tables of Eraclea and the rooms of the Temple of Isis. There are sculptures, wall paintings, mosaics, arms, terracottas, vases, objects made of bone and ivory and and jewelry.

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The City of Science, a structure of about 12.000 mq, is the first Italian "Science Centre". Overlooking the Gulf of Pozzuoli, houses a number of laboratories and a great planetarium. In large industrial buildings, date back to the mid-800, the Science Centre offers an interactive journey into the world of science and technology with original interpretations, experiences, references to the art and culture of our time.



The Madre Museum, in the historical centre of Naples, is hosted in the 19th century Palazzo Donnaregina that in 2005, on design of the Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza Vieira, was restored and turned into a museum. 7.200m2 of exhibition space with installations, permanent collection and temporary exhibitions. It house also a permanent collection with works by Francesco Clemente, Jannis Kounellis, Luciano Fabro, Giulio Paolini, Richard Long, Sol LeWitt, Mimmo Paladino, Richard Serra, Domenico Bianchi, Rebecca Horn and Jeff Koons.


The rests of the Archaeological complex of Vico Carminiello to Mannesi is a Roman archaeological site dating back to imperial age and come to light in the 1943 as a result of bombardments during the Second World War. The building, which presumably was part of a residential complex dating from around the first century AD, was to accommodate the lower level service areas, while upstairs are recognizable a rectangular pool and a smaller pool with a central fountain. Instead, the spa area was in the southern part of the building.

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Recommended tours in Naples
Pompei Photo: Copyright © / Shutterstock 

Priority entrance with archelogo to discover the ancient city of PompeiiPompeii from Naples: 2-hour small-group tour with an archeologist.

Vesuvio Foto: Copyright © / Shutterstock
A unique experience to get to know Vesuvius and admire an incredible panorama. From Naples: day trip to Mount Vesuvius.

Capri. Capri Photo: Copyright © / Shutterstock
The Island of Capri can be visited with a 6-hour tour from Naples to admire the panorama of the Gulf, the Blue Grotto, Monte Solaro,
Villa San Michele, Capri, the Piazzetta and enjoy the local cuisine for lunch. From Naples: Island of Capri full-day tour.

Ischia Photo: Copyright © / Shutterstock
Ischia is the largest of the islands in the Gulf of Naples. You can visit it in one day starting from Naples
with round-trip ferry tickets and an self-hosted lunch. Ischia day trip with lunch from Naples.

Procida Photo: Copyright © / Shutterstock
From Naples to discover the beautiful island of Procida. We start by ferry from Naples, explore the island independently
and enjoy a lunch in a local restaurant. From Naples: Procida Island day trip with lunch.

Positano Photo: Copyright © / Shutterstock
Discovering the enchanting landscape of the Amalfi Coast to visit Positano, Ravello, Scala and Amalfi, countries rich in history and culture.
It starts with an 8-hour bus tour from NaplesFrom Naples: Positano, Amalfi and Ravello Guided Tour.

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