The legendary cradle of Poland
Poznan, a city with a millenary history, has monuments built in every architectural style beginning with the pre-Romanesque period, and more than a third of the city’s urban area is covered by parks and gardens.
The city was founded in the 10th century and was an important commercial and religious center. In the 13th century, Poznan became the capital of Poland.
Poznan. Copyright ©, Depositphotos
The most beautiful church in the city is a large Baroque parish church dedicated to St. Stanislaus. The most important street in the centre is Swiety Marcin.
The National Museum of Poznan features an interesting exhibition of Gothic art, while the nearby Raczynski Library has a façade that is architecturally similar to that of the Louvre in Paris.
The church dedicated to St. Stanislaus in Poznan Copyright ©, Depositphotos
The most beautiful church of the ancient city is the large Baroque parish dedicated to St. Stanislaus. Also known as Fara Poznańska, the church was built in the 13th century in Gothic style but was completely reconstructed in Baroque style between 1677 and 1701. The Italian architect Giovanni Battista Quadro designed the facade, while the interior was decorated by Polish and Italian artists.
The Market SquarePoznan. Copyright ©, Shutterstock
The old Market Square is the heart of the city’s tourist area with numerous restaurants, coffee shops, wine bars and pubs that have preserved their old interiors. Poznan’s City Hall faces the square and houses the History Museum. Each day, when the clock on the City Hall’s tower strikes noon, two bronze billy goats appear butting their heads together. 

The town hall has a tower that is 61 meters high, open to the public, offering a panoramic view of the city and representing one of the most significant examples of Renaissance architecture in Central Europe.


A beautiful view of Ostrow Tumski, the old town, can be enjoyed from a height of 80 metres on the panoramic terrace of the Economics Academy building. Ostrow Tumski is home to the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul, a tenth-century Basilica with Golden Chapel, which is the oldest royal burial place in Poland.


Okraglak of Poznan Copyright ©, Depositphotos
One of the more characteristic buildings is the Okraglak (cylinder), the only perfectly round department store in Europe. From its windows you can see the Grand Theatre, the most important opera house in Poland, which was built exactly a century ago and decorated with a figure of Pegasus, the winged horse. This opera house was one of the most important buildings of the new city centre. The main building in the city centre is however considered to be the imperial castle, built in pre-Romanesque style on the request of the German Kaiser William II. The Fountain of Lions, modelled on the celebrated sculpture in the Alhambra in Granada, is located in the castle courtyard.
An interesting artistic attraction is the daily concert held at 12.15 from July to September in the Fara parish church by the Nightingales boys choir of Poznan.
Polish cuisine

It is rich and varied and preserves ancient recipes, the result of the fusion of different cultures, which have diversified over the years in the various regions.

These are some of the typical dishes to taste: Zurek (rye flour soup accompanied by hard-boiled egg and salami), Barszcz bialy or czerwony (white or red beetroot soup), Bigos (soup with different types of meat, sauerkraut and spices), Kotlet schabowy (pork cutlet), Kotlet mielony (cutlet with minced meat), pierogi, flaczki (tripe), kluski ziemniaczane (similar to potato dumplings), placki ziemniaczne (potato pancakes ).

In the surroundings of Poznan
The Castle of KornikPoznan. Copyright ©, Shutterstock 
Well worth a visit is the Mount Morasko Nature Reserve, which contains seven circular craters created 3,000 years ago by the impact of as many meteorites. To the south of Poznan lies the Palace of Rogalin, surrounded by a beautiful park, and the Castle of Kornik with a magnificent arboretum. 
Text by Angela Trivigno
Avion Tourism Magazine
Photos:, Shutterstock / Depositphotos
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Where to sleep in Poznan
Poznan. Copyright ©, Shutterstock
Poznan is a welcoming city and offers different possibilities for accommodation.
To find the ideal hotel and the best offers you can do a search for the stars but also for districts or landmarks.


WHERE TO GO in poznan
Monuments of Poznan
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ul. Świętojańska 1, 61

It is Poznań's second oldest shrine (after the cathedral) and one of the first examples of brickwork masonry in Poland. The groin vault in the presbytery is from the 13th century. The church was rebuilt in the Late Gothic style at the turn of the 15th and 16th century. A Gothic triptych from the early 16th century depicting St. Mary engaged in conversation with St. John the Baptist and St. Stanislaus in the central panel. Worthy of notice is the Late Gothic stone baptismal font from 1522.

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Ostrów Tumski 17, 61

The shrine was damaged in the years 1038-39 and rebuilt in the following years in the Romanesque style. In the 13th century an early Gothic presbytery was erected and in the mid-fourteenth century a new Gothic nave was built, during which a new presbytery with a chevet and a row of chapels was added. In the 17th century the church was rebuilt in the Baroque style. The church was damaged in a fire in 1772 and given a new interior that survived until 1945. The façade was rebuilt in 1779 and the old cupolas were replaced in 1790.



Fortifications were a manifestation of the importance of a medieval city. They reflected the military power of the city and its role and function in the defence system of the country. The city could be accessed through four gateways: the Wroniecka Gate from the north, the Wielka Gate and Wodna Gated from the east and the Wrocławska Gate from the south. With the development of warfare technology the defensive system of the city was modified several times and eventually completed in the early sixteenth century. 

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Museums of Poznan
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ul. Wodna 27

The permanent collections of the museum include the Prehistory of Wielkopolska, Life and Death in Ancient Egypt and the Archeology of Sudan. The Prehistory of Wielkopolska features archeological finds illustrating the ancient history of Western Poland. The Life and Death in Ancient Egypt collection illustrates papyrus and hieroglyphic writing, the evolution of Egyptian art, worship and funeral rite objects (including mummies).


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ul. Grobla 25

Established in 1986, the Museum houses artifacts of Wielkopolska folk culture. The permanent exhibition entitled Folk Art in Wielkopolska features 19th and 20th century sculptures, paintings, folk costumes, embroidery, decorative items, worship objects and musical instruments. The items are grouped into four categories displayed in Textiles and Folk Costumes, Folk Art, Technology and Non-European Cultures Sections.


ul. Gajowa 4

The Museum was set up in the flat where the poet Kazimiera Iłłakowiczówna lived.  Kazimiera Iłłakowiczówna was a Polish poet, prose writer and translator. Started writing poetry in 1905 and received the national poetry award in 1935. The studio is divided into 2 sections. The first contains an exhibition of literary and iconographic materials and mementoes of the poet's life. The second part of the studio is an authentic mock-up of the interior of the poet's flat.


Excursions in Poznan
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In the city's borders we found an area of high natural value. It is a group of meteorite impact craters on the slope of Mount Morasko (Góra Moraska). This area of 55 hectares became a nature reserve in 1976. The craters in Morasko are one of the largest groups of craters on the planet. The biggest crater's diameter is around 60 metres while its depth reaches 11.5 metres.

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Established in 1993, it is the park in the Province of Wielkopolska. A unique feature of the park is the habitat of swamp sawgrass on Lake Drążynek, which is considered the largest in the region of Wielkopolska. The Park includes Promno Leafy ForestLake Dębiniec, and Lake Drążynek nature reserves and is located about 2 km south from Pobiedziska. It is easy accessible on foot from Promno and Pobiedziska railway stations.

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